rebound effect


Will LEDs Trigger Rebound Effects? Examining the Key Evidence

November 3, 2014 by Jesse Jenkins

Rob Day argues that the rebounds in energy demand triggered by energy efficient lighting have been overblown. This rebuttal sets the record straight, and does so by exploring the key evidence in the debate over the magnitude of rebound effects.[read more]

Why Energy Efficiency Can Increase Energy Consumption in Poor Countries

Energy Efficiency and Consumption Growth

Over the last several decades there has been a broad consensus that energy efficiency is a cheap way to reduce emissions. Make cars and bulbs more efficient and energy use will go down. But behind the scenes, a growing group of energy researchers were quietly discovering a more complicated reality.[read more]

Lighting, Electricity, Steel: Energy Efficiency Backfire in Emerging Economies

October 9, 2014 by Max Luke

Efficiency and Rebound Economics

Countries that expect to consume much more energy will likely experience higher levels of energy efficiency rebound. Rebound is the phenomenon in which energy efficiency measures increase demand for energy, which diminishes expected energy savings.[read more]


IPCC: "Rebound Effects Cannot Be Ignored"

May 21, 2014 by Jesse Jenkins

IPCC on Rebound Effects

Cost-saving energy efficiency measures can trigger a rebound in energy demand which can have the effect of eroding some of the climate benefits of efficiency, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Fifth Assessment Report.[read more]

Beware Energy Efficiency Overpromises

August 5, 2013 by Jesse Jenkins

Over the past decade, energy efficiency has come to be seen as a fast, cheap and even profitable way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But behind the scenes a growing number of economists and energy analysts are challenging these assumptions.[read more]

Energy Efficiency and Energy Use: The Rebound Effect is Overplayed

January 24, 2013 by Gernot Wagner

Energy Efficiency Concept via Shutterstock

Trying to put the rebound effect for energy efficiency in its rightful place is like playing a game of wack-a-mole. Predictably every couple of years, someone new discovers the counter-intuitive appeal of showing how more efficient energy policies may lead to more energy use. Wham! Told you there’s something wrong with those clean-car standards. Well, not so fast.[read more]

Energy Efficiency: An Uphill Battle on A Slippery Slope

October 7, 2011 by Geoffrey Styles

With apologies for the dueling cliches in today's title, that image conveys the conflicting messages I received from a pair of events on the topic of energy efficiency this week. Yesterday I watched a panel discussion on energy efficiency finance, part of the valuable First Wednesday series of seminars from Resources for the Future in D....[read more]

Is It True That the More Efficient a Product Becomes, the More Its Owner Will Use It?

May 4, 2011 by Steve Nadel

Two recent articles have argued that as the energy efficiency of products improve, it becomes less expensive to operate these products and as a result, people increase their use of these products, increasing energy use and potentially wiping out the energy savings caused by the efficiency gains. In “Solid-State Lighting: An Energy-...[read more]

Does Improving Efficiency Do Any Good?

January 4, 2011 by Karen Street

The New Yorker has done much to introduce non-scientists to scientific thinking (eg, Kolbert's articles on climate change), but now aims to confuse us, or so it appears, by presenting real concerns in a too simplistic manner. David Owen's recent article discusses Jevons Paradox in The Efficiency Dilemma (subscription required) has been...[read more]

Do Energy Efficient Technologies Really Lower Energy Usage?

October 20, 2010 by Reginald Norris

By: John K. Norris, Contributing Writer to MyEnergySolution.comRecently, Michael Shellenberger, President of the Breakthrough Institute, posted an article by a leading energy economist, Harry Saunders - one of the authors of a recent paper in the Journal of Physics, explaining why energy efficiency does not decrease energy...[read more]

A new denier myth is born, this time for energy efficiency

September 29, 2010 by John Wilson

The Breakthrough Institute has midwived another denier myth with Jesse Jenkins' Michael Shellenberger's introduction to a blog post, “Why Energy Efficiency Does Not Decrease Energy Consumption.” The sensational headline caught my eye, and I found another unfortunate example of BTI’s sometimes incendiary approach to being provocative....[read more]

Why Energy Efficiency Does not Decrease Energy Consumption

September 29, 2010 by Breakthrough Institute

One of the most curious facts about energy is that economies use more of it even as they use it more efficiently. This strikes us as strange because many of us have heard that making cars, buildings, and factories more energy efficient is the key to cheaply and quickly reducing energy consumption, and thus pollution. But energy experts...[read more]

The Rebound Effect and the Backfire Hypothesis

September 18, 2009 by Charles Barton

Energy writers who are in the green camp, continue to tout their belief in energy efficiency as a major tool in the effort to mitigate global warming. Nuclear critics like Amory Lovins have argued that efficiency produced "negawatts" make nuclear generated megawatts unneeded. Critics of the negawatts approach have noted that economists...[read more]