Hops, commuting to-from jobs is a major contributor to petroleum motor fuels consumption. Today, many individuals are slowly making the transition to at-home/on-line jobs. Also the transition from labor-to-automation in numerous businesses from on-line goods sales to automating restaurant ordering/payment services is reducing the need for on-site labor. Unfortunately every change of labor based jobs has its pros-and-cons. In the case of on-line shopping, shutting down retail outlets can negatively impact local jobs, economies & available tax revenues. And, the Consumer option of over-night delivery can be quite wasteful and consume large amounts of transport (air & truck deliveries) petroleum fuels unless this Consumer market behavior transitions to more patience for slower/more efficient deliveries. In the case of restaurant automation, lower labor needs reduces domestic employment levels, which definitely reduces the need for commuting/associate fuel consumption.
In the evolving computer based business sectors many jobs can definitely be worked from home, but most goods (manufacturing) and services (in person) will continue to require on-the-job labor and commuting. Over the years most domestic manufacturing companies have substantially reduced the need for manual labor (despite near overwhelming Union opposition) by automation upgrades and other production efficiency innovations. Who knows, someday robot technology can displace all manual labor in construction, maintenance and fabrication-assembly lines. The problem statement will be how do we reasonably employ a growing work force of younger generations that chose a more physical lifestyle than sitting at home on the computer, social media and on-line games only.