Stanislaus, FYI, I spent most my career in the oil business, retired from this business sector, and now consult, analyze and study all forms of energy, including renewables. I have no connection or obligation with the oil industry and my personal motivation is to help people better understand what energy sources and technologies are reasonably cost effective and most feasibly sustainable. And, I focus on what government policies will best support transitioning most Countries to cleaner, secure and cost effective energy supplies & technologies.
In the case of the Keystone XL pipeline, blocking this project will effectively have zero impact on U.S. petroleum consumption and will only slightly delay Canadian Oil Sands production-development. And overall, blocking the pipeline will have essentially zero impact on the associated environmental impacts. I understand that most the pipeline Opposition obviously believes differently. However, this block-the-pipeline/oil position overlooks and/or misunderstands the consequences of this decision. Besides overlooking the significant and beneficial energy security and economic impacts, the safety impacts of substantially increasing oil transportation by rail are currently missing from the pipeline Opposition’s campaign. The added downside is that fact that rail is also much less efficient (with increased carbon emissions) than pipelines.
The ultimate solution is developing cost effective and clean alternatives to replacing petroleum. Other policies such as mandating and encourage energy efficiency increases, alternative heating and motor fuels, etc. will be far more effective in reducing current and future demand for petroleum, and reducing the associated carbon/environmental impacts.