The phase out of wood fuel and phase in of ABUNDANT fossil fuel as a the primary fuel, starting about 1800, opened all sorts of doors towards modernity, including enabling a population explosion that had been held in check by higher mortality and shorter longevity.
Around 1800, most of DEVELOPED Europe was largely deforested, the wood economy HAD to come to an end, as horse-drawn wagons had to go further and further to get wood.
In the US, deforestation of the eastern US was in progress; there was so much of it, the supply seemed endless.
Today, the eastern US is largely deforested and what grew back is a pale copy of what was there before (trees get sick quicker, die younger, just as people did before 1800), because of soil erosion and depletion, and chemical degradation from pollution; it took about 10,000 years to create that soil.
Britain had acces to wood from Scandinavia and Russia to build ships, etc; Russia at that time included Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lituania, half of Poland, and parts of Sweden.
Britain used its fleets to blockade Europe. Napoleon, lacking wood and ships, did not like that, and marched into Russia to get them to stop trading with the British. He started out with 600,000 men, ended up with very long supply lines and a lack of horses, stayed in Moscow for a month, came back with 20,000 men, and without wood! He is still a celebrated hero in France!
Instead of horse stuff on dirt roads and on some paved streets in 1800 (much of it used as NATURAL fertilizer), the current population managed to thoroughly trash the environment, including most of the flora and fauna habitats, that led to their de facto disappearance in many places of the world.
The current population contributed to global warming, due to worldwide deforestation, urbanization, industrial agriculture and pollution, all made possible by mostly fossil fuels that were 65% and 67.3% of all energy generation in 2002 and 2013, respectively, i.e., for the past 12 years, despite trillion dollar investments in RE systems.