Comments by Alex Trembath Subscribe

On March of the Elites: Why Grassroots Can't Save the Climate


I do not believe I claimed that American energy policy is irrelevant. Indeed, I believe it to be among the most important functions of the federal government and one of the major tools that will guide our civilization through one of the most challenging transitions in our history.

I also do not expect the clean energy challenge to be particularly similar in operation to the Manhattan Project. I used Manhattan as an example to illustrate that engineering challenges with a grand national mission are possible without grassroots support, conducted by elites. The creation of the Internet is the better example, which was an example of a Defense technology that achieved commercial application and eventually induced broad popular demand, where there was little to none before.

I would be more optimistic about grassroots activity if it had not failed in several metrics thusfar. A successful grassroots campaign would be growing in popularity, not shrinking, but polling shows fewer Americans care about global warming than did in recent years. A successful grassroots campaign would see their demonstrations garner significant national attention, but's Day of Action--the "biggest day of action the world has ever seen"--was largely ignored and forgotten, and appears not to have affected legislative politics in the slightest. A successful grassroots campaign to avert catastrophic climate change would embrace effective policies in their advocacy--increasing public spending on R&D, driving deployment and innovation, supporting nuclear power--but grassroots activists are not doing this.

But these are not failures of tactics so much as framing. There cannot be a successful grassroots campaign to avert climate change because the cause of climate change is predominantly technological, not social or political. The process of driving technological innovation is something that even my precious elite do not have a firm grasp on, let alone the droves of climate activists calling for an end to global warming (and stopping there). And while there is a role for social and political action--especially in early adoption and effective issue advocacy--the main goal of making clean energy technology cheap will be accomplished by elites.


July 7, 2011    View Comment    

On How Japan Should Impact the US Nuclear Debate


Thanks very much for your comment. As always, uncertainty plays a crucial role in the evolution of our energy planning/infrastructure. There is public uncertainty that climate change is a reality; there is uncertainty among climatologists as to the severity of greenhouse-driven climate effects; and there is uncertainty which policies might make what impact in mitigating emissions. A similar uncertainty exists in the nuclear debate, with some estimates (and conventional wisdom) ranking Chernobyl as much more deadly than I (and others) believe it was. There is political-social uncertainty in the history of nukes in the US, with questions about the causes of the "stasis" I mention. The engineering/technical questions are difficult enough without bringing politics/social considerations into the mix, but we have no choice. 

With this uncertainty in public opinion having fueled skepticism over nukes for decades, even non-democracies like China are pulling back (for the time being) on their nuclear plans. This is why risk assessment is so vital to our planning, and why aiming for a zero-risk future is folly. We cannot, in my view, discount nuclear power as a plausible policy option in view of the far more numerous risks of the carbon economy. 

Thanks again for the thoughtful comment David. There's more excellent coverage compiled at Americans for Energy Leadership:


March 17, 2011    View Comment    

On Nuclear Reactor Safety, Cooling, and Failure Explained - Keeping the Japanese Event in Perspective

Just included this piece in a roundup for Americans for Energy Leadership. Check out the full roundup here:



March 16, 2011    View Comment